네트워크 및 보안/TCPIP 프로토콜 파헤치기

[TCP/IP 프로토콜 파헤치기] 2.1 ethernet 프로토콜 스택

언제나 휴일 언제나휴일 2016. 4. 10. 00:40
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2.1 ethernet 프로토콜 스택

[그림 1] ethernet 프로토콜 스택

[그림 1] ethernet 프로토콜 스택

 

ethernet 프로토콜 스택은 목적지 mac 주소, 발신지 mac 주소와 L3 타입 정보로 구성합니다.

 

ethernetmac 주소는 6바이트이며 표기할 때는 12:34:56:78:9a:bc 처럼 1바이트씩 16진수로 나타내고 사이에 콜론(:)을 붙여 나타냅니다.

 

L3타입은 통신에 사용하는 네트워크 계층 프로토콜을 나타내며 IPv40x0800이며 ARP0x806입니다. 다음은 네트워크 계층 프로토콜에 따른 L3 타입의 값입니다.

 

@    0000-05DC    IEEE802.3 Length Field (0.:1500.)

+    0101-01FF      Experimental

     0200 Xerox PUP (conflicts with 802.3 Length Field range) (see 0A00)

     0201 Xerox PUP Address Translation (conflicts ...) (see 0A01)

     0400 Nixdorf (conflicts with 802.3 Length Field)

+*   0600            Xerox NS IDP

     0601 XNS Address Translation (3Mb only)

+*   0800            DOD Internet Protocol (IP)

+    0801            X.75 Internet

+    0802            NBS Internet

+    0803            ECMA Internet

+    0804            CHAOSnet

+    0805            X.25 Level 3

+*   0806            Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) (for IP and for CHAOS)

     0807 XNS Compatibility

     081C Symbolics Private

+    0888-088A     Xyplex

     0900 Ungermann-Bass network debugger

     0A00 Xerox IEEE802.3 PUP

     0A01 Xerox IEEE802.3 PUP Address Translation

     0BAD            Banyan Systems

     0BAF            Banyon VINES Echo

     1000 Berkeley Trailer negotiation

     1001-100F      Berkeley Trailer encapsulation for IP

     1234 DCA - Multicast

*    1600 VALID system protocol

     1989 Artificial Horizons ("Aviator" dogfight simulator [on Sun])

     1995 Datapoint Corporation (RCL lan protocol)

     3C00 3Com NBP virtual circuit datagram (like XNS SPP) not registered

     3C01 3Com NBP System control datagram not registered

     3C02 3Com NBP Connect request (virtual cct) not registered

     3C03 3Com NBP Connect repsonse not registered

     3C04 3Com NBP Connect complete not registered

     3C05 3Com NBP Close request (virtual cct) not registered

     3C06 3Com NBP Close response not registered

     3C07 3Com NBP Datagram (like XNS IDP) not registered

     3C08 3Com NBP Datagram broadcast not registered

     3C09 3Com NBP Claim NetBIOS name not registered

     3C0A            3Com NBP Delete Netbios name not registered

     3C0B 3Com NBP Remote adaptor status request not registered

     3C0C 3Com NBP Remote adaptor response not registered

     3C0D            3Com NBP Reset not registered

     4242 PCS Basic Block Protocol

     424C       Information Modes Little Big LAN diagnostic

     4321 THD - Diddle

     4C42       Information Modes Little Big LAN

%    5208            BBN Simnet Private

     6000 DEC unassigned, experimental

     6001 DEC Maintenance Operation Protocol (MOP) Dump/Load Assistance

     6002 DEC Maintenance Operation Protocol (MOP) Remote Console

     6003 DECNET Phase IV, DNA Routing

     6004 DEC Local Area Transport (LAT)

     6005 DEC diagnostic protocol (at interface initialization?)

     6006 DEC customer protocol

     6007 DEC Local Area VAX Cluster (LAVC), System Communication Architecture (SCA)

     6008 DEC AMBER

     6009 DEC MUMPS

+    6010-6014      3Com Corporation

     7000 Ungermann-Bass download

     7001 Ungermann-Bass NIUs

     7002 Ungermann-Bass diagnostic/loopback

     7003 Ungermann-Bass ??? (NMC to/from UB Bridge)

     7005 Ungermann-Bass Bridge Spanning Tree

     7007 OS/9 Microware

     7009 OS/9 Net?

+    7020-7029      LRT (England) (now Sintrom)

     7030 Racal-Interlan

     7031 Prime NTS (Network Terminal Service)

     7034 Cabletron

     8003 Cronus VLN

     8004 Cronus Direct

     8005 HP Probe protocol

+    8006            Nestar

+    8008            AT&T/Stanford Univ.            Local use

    8010 Excelan

+    8013            Silicon Graphics diagnostic

+    8014            Silicon Graphics network games

+    8015            Silicon Graphics reserved

+    8016            Silicon Graphics XNS NameServer, bounce server

+    8019            Apollo DOMAIN

+    802E            Tymshare

+    802F            Tigan, Inc.

+    8035            Reverse Address Resolution Protocol (RARP)

+    8036            Aeonic Systems

     8037 IPX (Novell Netware?)

     8038 DEC LanBridge Management

     8039 DEC DSM/DDP

     803A DEC Argonaut Console

     803B DEC VAXELN

     803C DEC DNS Naming Service

     803D DEC Ethernet CSMA/CD Encryption Protocol

     803E DEC Distributed Time Service

     803F DEC LAN Traffic Monitor Protocol

     8040 DEC PATHWORKS DECnet NETBIOS Emulation

     8041 DEC Local Area System Transport

     8042 DEC unassigned

+    8044            Planning Research Corp.

+    8046            AT&T

+    8047            AT&T

     8048 DEC Availability Manager for Distributed Systems DECamds (but someone at DEC says not)

+    8049            ExperData

+    805B            VMTP (Versatile Message Transaction Protocol, RFC-1045) (Stanford) [was Stanford V Kernel, experimental]

+    805C            Stanford V Kernel, version 6.0

+    805D            Evans & Sutherland

+    8060            Little Machines

+    8062            Counterpoint Computers

+    8065            University of Mass. at Amherst

+    8066            University of Mass. at Amherst

+    8067            Veeco Integrated Automation

+    8068            General Dynamics

+    8069            AT&T

+    806A            Autophon

+    806C            ComDesign

+    806D            Compugraphic Corporation

+    806E-8077      Landmark Graphics Corporation

+    807A            Matra

+    807B            Dansk Data Elektronik

+    807C            Merit Internodal (or Univ of Michigan?)

+    807D-807F     Vitalink Communications

+    8080            Vitalink TransLAN III Management

+    8081-8083      Counterpoint Computers

     8088-808A      Xyplex

+    809B            EtherTalk (AppleTalk over Ethernet)

+    809C-809E     Datability

+    809F            Spider Systems Ltd.

+    80A3            Nixdorf Computers

+    80A4-80B3     Siemens Gammasonics Inc.

+    80C0-80C3     DCA (Digital Comm. Assoc.) Data Exchange Cluster

+    80C6            Pacer Software

+    80C7            Applitek Corporation

+    80C8-80CC     Intergraph Corporation

+    80CD-80CE     Harris Corporation

+    80CF-80D2     Taylor Instrument

+    80D3-80D4     Rosemount Corporation

     80D5 IBM SNA Services over Ethernet

+    80DD           Varian Associates

+    80DE-80DF     TRFS (Integrated Solutions Transparent Remote File System)

+    80E0-80E3      Allen-Bradley

+    80E4-80F0      Datability

+    80F2            Retix

+    80F3            AppleTalk Address Resolution Protocol (AARP)

+    80F4-80F5      Kinetics

+    80F7            Apollo Computer

+    80FF-8101      Wellfleet Communications

+    8102            Wellfleet; BOFL (Breath OF Life) pkts [every 5-10 secs.]

+    8103            Wellfleet Communications

     8107-8109      Symbolics Private

     812B Talaris

+    8130            Waterloo Microsystems Inc.

+    8131            VG Laboratory Systems

+    8137            Novell (old) NetWare IPX (ECONFIG E option)

+    8138            Novell, Inc.

+    8139-813D     KTI

     813F M/MUMPS data sharing

     8145 Vrije Universiteit (NL)                        Amoeba 4 RPC (obsolete)

     8146 Vrije Universiteit (NL)                        FLIP (Fast Local Internet Protocol)

     8147 Vrije Universiteit (NL)                        [reserved]

     814C SNMP over Ethernet (see RFC1089)

     814F Technically Elite Concepts      Network Professor

     8191 PowerLAN                                     NetBIOS/NetBEUI (PC)

     817D XTP

     81D6 Artisoft Lantastic

     81D7 Artisoft Lantastic

     8203-8205      QNX Software Systems Ltd.

     8390 Accton Technologies (unregistered)

     852B Talaris multicast

     8582 Kalpana

     86DD       IP version 6

     8739 Control Technology Inc.                    RDP Without IP

     873A Control Technology Inc.                    Mcast Industrial Ctrl Proto.

     873B Control Technology Inc.                    Proprietary

     873C Control Technology Inc.                    Proprietary

     8820 Hitachi Cable (Optoelectronic Systems Laboratory)

     8856       Axis Communications AB                       proprietary bootstrap/config

     8888 HP LanProbe test?

+    9000            Loopback (Configuration Test Protocol)

     9001 3Com (Formerly Bridge Communications), XNS Systems Management

     9002 3Com (Formerly Bridge Communications), TCP/IP Systems Management

     9003 3Com (Formerly Bridge Communications), loopback detection

     AAAA           DECNET?              Used by VAX 6220 DEBNI

     FAF5 Sonix Arpeggio

%    FF00            BBN VITAL-LanBridge cache wakeups

 

참고 사이트: http://www.cavebear.com/archive/cavebear/Ethernet/type.html

좀 더 자세한 자료를 원하면 http://www.cavebear.com/ 사이트를 방문하세요.

위 사이트는 ethernet에 관한 다양한 연구 자료를 제공하는 Karl Auerbach(CaveBear)의 것입니다. 

 

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